23 thoughts on “Comparing Roman and Byzantine Empires | AP US History | Khan Academy

  1. its very nice live from bangladesh you have bangladesh past apni naki bangladesh a thakten thakle bolben i am big friend thanks

  2. Its not Byzantine Empire. Its "Imperium Romanun-Βασιλεία Ρωμαίων". Till nowdays we also call ourselves Romans-Ρωμιούς, except of Greeks-Γραικούς and Hellenes- Ελληνες. We have the same ancient legacy and spirit with Rome…See Troy and Aeneas,Magna Grecia etc.. During Ottoman conquest we were also called "Roum Milliet- Εθνότητα Ρωμαίων by the Turks". They are all the same.. East and West Roman Empire is a better title I think..

  3. It's inaccurate to call Latin the language of the united Roman empire. It was certainly the language of the higher administration, but Greek was the language of mid-low level administration in the east, as well as being widely spoken by the Roman elite. The Romans themselves recognized this. As early an Emperor as Claudius calls Latin and Greek "Our languages" for example.

    Also, Heraclius never changed the "Official language". That's a distressingly common misconception, and one that has no basis in reality. Except for some minor shuffling of court titles, nothing really changed during the reign of Heraclius lingually. Remember that a significant chunk of the empire still spoke Latin. Far more actually changed during the reign of Justinian, since he changed the language of imperial edicts to Greek. Latin would be continue to be widely used in Ceremony, In the military, In titles, and on coinage throughout the middle Byzantine period.

    And I'm sorry but that explanation of the Theme system was downright atrocious. The Themes were not feudal whatsoever. They also weren't instituted by Heraclius, instead slowly coming into being during the late 7th century under his successors. The Themes were military provinces governed by Generals appointed by Constantinople, who, it should be noted, did not own any significant amount of land in their Theme. These generals commanded former standing armies settled on government land, which they were allowed to rent at a reduced rate (it was not given to them). These soldiers initially remained essentially professional, though they farmed part time, with pay coming in regularly from the center, but eventually annual pay was dropped in favour of further lowered rent and campaign bonuses.

    Something interesting to note in regards to ancient Roman festivals in the Byzantine empire is that the festivals of Lupercalia and Brumalia were still celebrated annually in mid 10th century Constantinople. Triumphs were also held in the ancient fashion for the duration of the middle period at least.

  4. there is something amazed me… why the Byzantine suddenly started communicate with Greek instead of Latin? who decided this and why?

  5. no no no, the theme system isn't feudal, is what it should to be in order to keep the central authority strong!It's complicated,but to give an example, when Alexios I demanded oaths of loyalty from the crusaders, they(unwillingly) accepted by using the feudal ritual, something Alexios didn't understood clearly in depth.Later with the fall of constantinople to the crusaders the feudal system comes and mixes with the theme making it easy today to think that was the same…

  6. Constantine actually didn't keep the byzantium name or name it Constantinople its name was actually named Nova Roma "New Rome" however this was sadley changed after his death in his honour the renamed it to Constantinople which i find a less cooler name

  7. Olympic games had lost their original values by the time of the Roman Empire, Theodosius forbid the pagan rituals that were essential for the games but sources mention that less and less wealthy people sponsoring them by 5th century, when ceased under Justinian I reign

  8. The other same thing is how the religious authority submitted themselves before the Emperor, either in pagan Roman Empire or in Eastern Roman Empire (caesaropapism)

  9. they called themselves romai witch in greek means brave. So the word romai dosen't have to do Romans like u said in the byzantine empire greek was the most spoken language.

    They call themselves the Roman empire. but the weren't Romans

  10. Aaaand not sure if already mentioned but the city of Roma was no longer the capital of Western Empire by 300AD, it was moved to Mediolanum (Milan) and later to Ravenna

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